Makrolon

Makrolon Environmental Resistance

Makrolon polycarbonate sheet may be used in a diverse range of environmental conditions. Consult this chart when thoroughly testing fabricated parts under actual in-service conditions.

Makrolon polycarbonate sheet may be used in a diverse range of environmental conditions. However, as with any thermoplastic, some environmental conditions have proven to be detrimental to Makrolon sheet. Varying degrees of stress, strain and temperature may also alter the resistance of Makrolon sheet; consequently fabricated parts should be tested thoroughly under actual in-service conditions prior to final design.

Makrolon is Resistant To:

Chemicals
Amyl Alcohol Heptane Potassium Perchlorate
Aluminum Chloride Hydrochloric Acid 10% Potassium Permanganate
Aluminum Sulphate Hydrogen Peroxide 30% Potassium Persulphate
Ammonium Chloride Hydrofluoric Acid 10% Potassium Sulphate
Ammonium Nitrate Isopropanol Silicone Oil
Ammonium Sulphate Lactic Acid 20% Silver Nitrate
Antimony Trichloride Magnesium Chloride Sodium Bicarbonate
Arsenic Acid 20% Magnesium Sulphate Sodium Bisulphate
Butyl Alcohol Manganese Sulphate Sodium Carbonate
Calcium Nitrate Mercuric Chloride Sodium Chlorate
Chlorinated Lime Paste Nickel Sulphate Sodium Chloride
Chrome Alum Nitric Acid 10% Sodium Hypochlorite
Chromic Acid 20% Nitric Acid 20% Sodium Sulphate
Citric Acid 40% Oleic Acid Stannous Chloride
Copper Chloride Oxalic Acid Sulfur
Copper Sulphate Pentane Sulfuric Acid 10%*
Cuprous Chloride Phosphoric Acid 10% Sulfuric Acid 50%
Formic Acid 10% Potassium Bromate Tartaric Acid 30%
Formalin 30% Potassium Bromide Zinc Chloride
Glycerine Potassium Nitrate Zinc Sulphate
Industrial Petroleum Products
Axle Oil Kerosene Transformer Oil
Compressor Oil Refined Oil Vacuum Pump Oil
Diesel Oil Spindle Oil  
Common Household Materials
Beer Gypsum Rapeseed Oil
Borax Joy Liquid Detergent Rum
Cocoa Insulating Tape Salad Oil
Cement Linseed Oil Salt Solution 10%
Chocolate Liquor Soap (soft and hard)
Cod Liver Oil Milk Table Vinegar
Cognac Mineral Water Tincture of Iodine 5%
Coffee Mustard Tomato Juice
Detergents (nonionic and anionic) Olive Oil Vodka
Fish Oil Onions Washing Soap
Fruit Syrup Orange Juice Water
Grapefruit Juice Paraffin Oil Wine

Makrolon has limited resistance to:

Anti-freeze Ethylene Glycol Nitric Acid (concentrate)
Calcium Chloride Hydrochloric Acid (concentrate) Sulfuric Acid (concentrate)
Cyclohexanol Milk of lime (CaOH)  

Makrolon is not resistant to:

Acetaldehyde Caustic Potash Solution 5% Nitrobenzene
Acetic Acid (concentrate) Caustic Soda Solution 5% Nitrocellulose Lacquer
Acetone Chlorothene Ozone
Acrylonitrile Chlorobenzene Phenol
Ammonia Cutting Oils Phosphorous Hydroxy
Ammonium Fluoride Cyclo Hexanone Chloride
Ammonium Hydroxide Cyclohexene Phosphorous Trichloride
Ammonium Sulfide Dimethyl Formamide Propionic Acid
Benzene Ethane Tetrachloride Sodium Sulfide
Benzoic Acid Ethylamine Sodium Hydroxide
Benzyl Alcohol Ethyl Ether Sodium Nitrate
Brake Fluid Ethylene Chlorohydrin Tetradydronaphthalene
Bromobenzene Formic Acid (concentrate) Thiophene
Butyric Acid Freon (refrigerant & propellant) Toluene
Carbon Tetrachloride Gasoline Turpentine
Carbon Disulfide Lacquer Thinner Xylene
Carbonic Acid Methyl Alcohol  

Makrolon is dissolved by:

Chloroform Dioxane Methylene Chloride
Cresol Ethylene Dichloride Pyridine

In general, Makrolon sheet has good resistance to water, organic and inorganic acids, neutral and acid salts and aliphatic and cyclic hydrocarbons. Alkalines, amines, ketones, esters and aromatic hydrocarbons attack Makrolon. Solvents for Makrolon are: methylene chloride, ethylene dichloride and dioxane

This chemical and solvent resistant listing is intended to assist designers in determining whether Makrolon sheet can be used in certain environments. It is very important to test prototype parts under end-use conditions for final verification of performance. All data is based on 70°F and 0% strain.

Makrolon sheet has good resistance to water up to approximately 150°F. Above this temperature, the effect of moisture is time-temperature related. Exposing Makrolon sheet to repeated steam cleaning or dish washing can create hydrolic crazing. The result can be a clouding of the surface and ultimately a loss of physical strength properties.